Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?
There are four basic problems (domination, deprivation, displacement and division) that besiege the tribal population. A centralized legal and governance system has been thrust upon a decentralized political and economy system, resulting in the criminalization of a whole population in the eyes of the legal system. It is because of the non-adherence and non-recognition of their customary laws, practices and governance system. If India’s forest, mineral bearing areas, tribal areas, and watersheds are all mapped together, they will overlay one another almost the same areas- homes of India’s poorest people, the tribals. Almost 70 % tribal of the tribal areas come under common property resources. Since the formal land laws of the country are individual based, therefore, CPR became the state property. 50-60% of income comes from the forest, but forest become state property and governed by forest laws dating back to colonial period. Since they habituate in a rich area, the modern development process takes a heavy toll on them. Nearly 60 % of the total development induced displacement in the post-independence period.
Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!
The politics is the most defining and determining factor in every aspects of human progress. The modem state has made itself supreme – “The Eminent Domain “ – by encroaching, dispossessing, subjugating, and regulating the people’s lives through manufacturing people’s consent and using coercive power.
The gradual withdrawal of collective praxis is a characteristics feature of “representative democracy”, which, while upholding and defending the rights of individuals, individualizes all collectivities and thereby, dis-empowers people including of course, the very individuals who are apotheosized as all powerful, “free-agents”. It also, while formally upholding democracy reduces it to a routinised affair involving empirical atomized individuals whose political choice is increasingly between parties that differ little from one another in their programmes.
Secondly, natural rights of people and community over livelihood resources are primary which is inalienable and eventually surpasses the legal rights. The latter should complement but not pre- dominate the former. The natural resources as well as the natural rights shouldn’t become a commodity to be traded in the market.
Thirdly, direct democracy in a face to face community level is more important, meaningful and primary then the representative democracy. The latter has to negotiate and persuade the people in order to gain the informed public consent of the people or the community without dislodging and displacing people from their natural habitat.