Development of a District Land Use Framework Plan as a Prerequisite for Rational Formalization of Property

Development of a District Land Use Framework Plan as a Prerequisite for Rational Formalization of Property

Organization type: 
nonprofit/ngo/citizen sector
$10,000 - $50,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

We seek to make a district land use planning framework a basis and tool for security of tenure and conflict management among different property users and uses. We take into consideration interests of communal land users, but without jeopardizing the rights of individuals. Management of communal cross village border resources is of paramount consideration.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

Lack of a district land use framework plan upon which to broadly base communal land formalization, Lack of a framework for the ownership, registration and management of common property resources, especially those that transcend village boundaries.

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

In recently piloted property formalization exercises that took place in accordance to the Tanzania's Village Land Act No 5 of 1999, it became apparent that common property regimes were not registered with any institution. This gives the village councils the prerogative to re-allocate the land to other uses at will, thus rendering any pastoralists in the village insecure in relation to the resource they use for their livelihood. This fact is even worse where pastoralism is viewed as a fringe livelihood system by those in position of decision making over the resource. A district land use framework plan is the bassis for the district's land resource vision, and a guide to resolving issues within the district that are beyond the mandate of village councils. Formation and Registration of Pastoral Land Management Asociations, Registration of cross-village-border communal resources, under the associations. Pastoralist Land Management Associations to develop formal short, medium and long term resource utilization plans for their commons, under the relevant village councils, while relating to the district land use framework plan. The project aims to produce a model for communal lands formalization that may be replicated and scaled up to improve on the property rights of marginalized livelihoods such as pastoralism.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

There will be developed a district land use framework plan that will benefit all the around 160,000 people of Kiteto district. Resources / land based conflicts between farming communities and pastoralists will be greatly reduced, there will be peace in the district. Twelve villages with a population of about 44,000 people will be facilitated to develop land use plans. Twelve Pastoralist Land Management Associations will be formed, registered and given the role to manage the common property.
About You
Section 1: About You
First Name

Lembulung M.

Last Name

Ole Kosyando


, MY

Section 2: About Your Organization
Is your initiative connected to an established organization?

Organization Name


Organization Phone

+255 784 533389

Organization Address

P.O. Box 46, KIBAYA, Manyara, Tanzania

Organization Country

, MY

How long has this organization been operating?

1‐5 years

Your idea
Country your work focuses on

, MY

Do you have a patent for this idea?


Facilitate the production of a district land use framework plan,
Facilitate village level land use planning in twelve villages,
Formation and registration of pastoral land management associations,
Conduct mapping, registration and developing management plans for common lands.


Reduced conflicts oveer access, use and ownership of land resources,
A district land use framework plan that will benefit the entire disrtict population in place and operational.
Twelve Pastoralist Land Management Associations formed and registered,
Cross village boundary common pastures are zoned / demarcated and registered under the pastoralists land management associations.

How many people will your project serve annually?

More than 10,000

What is the average monthly household income in your target community, in US Dollars?

Less than $50

Does your project seek to have an impact on public policy?


If so, how?

It is understood that the Property and Business Formalization Programme intends to recommend policy and legal reforms in order to enhance and upscale the process.

We intend to draw lessons from this project and encourage the government to entrench common property formalization frameworks into the formalization process, as it plans for scaling up property and business formalization country wide.

The project also will seek to tie the pastoralist associations to the local government finance system so that they are allocated budgets for their development and management of plans related to sustainable lility of the ecosystem and

What stage is your project in?

Idea phase

Does your organization have a board of directors or an advisory board?


Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with NGOs?


Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with businesses?

Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with government?


Please tell us more about how partnerships could be critical to the success of your innovation.

The innovation is essentially a process that has to be developed within policy, legal and technical frameworks, one that falls within the remits of the local and central governments' administrative frameworks at various points. The innovation therefore has to be carried out with close partnership with relevant institutions such as the district council, the National Land Use Planning Commssion with close collabotation with the Property and Business Formalization Programme, and the Ministry of Lands.

We would like to learn more about how your initiative is financially supported. Please explain your business plan/revenue model

The initiative is not yet financially supported.

The reference below relate to other activities of the organization.

The Story
What was the defining moment that led you to this innovation?

I had a chance to participate in two pilot projects on property formalization conducted by Tanzania's Property and Business Formalization Programme, commonly known as MKURABITA. I was representing an NGO working with pastoralists. It was apparent from the projects that there was no framework for the security over communal lands, as was the case with individual or family property.

Communal grazing lands though set aside by village councils, albeit in inadequate sizes and relevance to the designated use, were generally considered by the village councils as reserve lands that could be open to re-allocation to other uses and users that might be considered to be more productive.

The pilot projects guidelines did not provide any framework for the security of the commons. It did not appear that the fact is much of a concern to merit investing in seeking a solution to the anomaly. The users of the commons did not have rights to the lands, even though their livelihoods depended on them. The common lands were then viewed as potentially a source of conlict. In one project, a clear disconnection between pastures and water sources for livestock was so evident, making one pastoralist joke that they needed a 'flying breed of livestock' to be able to take them over the farms to the watering points.

According to the projects, there was little or no concrete consideration to the linkages and security of cross-village-border resources used communally, such as water and seasonal pastures.

The urge grew to take advantage of a combination of various available policy, legal and administrative opportunities to raise the issue through a project such is being proposed. A disrtict land use framework plan is the ideal starting point as it concerns on resolving issues within the district that are beyond the capability and of a village council. Issues that concern about four or five villages, such as a pastoral grazing land, water catchment area or a large conservation scheme that might need to be decided at the district level.

A disrtict land use framework plan is the logical starting point to give the land stakeholders a general vision of the utilization of the district's natural resources. We need to develop a model that can be replicated and scaled up for the benefit of common property users.

Tell us about the social innovator—the person—behind this idea.

Lembulung M. Ole Kosyando is a teacher turned to social development work, building the new role around human rights and land rights, with the main focus on pastoralists.

Having worked in local and international organizations mostly in programmes to do with natural resources management, project and village development planning, the innovator has also had extensive invlovement in international networks and events on and around environment and biodiversity. This has mainly been under the auspices of the indigenous peoples and local communities.

The idea at the moment is to influence the inclusion of a framework for common property formalization into the process and procedures being developed for property formalization in the country.

How did you first hear about Changemakers?

Email from Changemakers

If through another source, please provide the information.

Approximately 50 words left (400 characters).

Which (if any) of the following strategies apply to your organization or company (check as many as apply)

Policy advocacy to strengthen property rights or increase security of tenure, Formalizing and documenting property rights (i.e. titling, leasing or certification), Legal education and awareness.

Please explain how your work furthers one or many of the above strategies (if you selected “other”, please explain your strategy)

We have worked in the district to create community awareness on the Tanzanian land policy and related laws. These allow for formalization but the processes and outcomes are not yet fully tested, especially in relation to common property and pastoralism. The proposed idea seeks to contribute to development of an appropriate model in this respect.